The Ultimate Guide To Philatelic Terms – II

Illustrative Image to Exemplify Ultimate Guide To Philatelic Terms

Hello Readers!

How are you doing? I hope you enjoyed my last post of the series “The Ultimate Guide to Philatelic Terms”. Picking up from where we left we will be continuing the learning journey further and uncover more terms today. So let’s rock on and feed our hunger pangs for learning.

Letter C – The Ultimate Guide To Philatelic Terms

1. Cancellations:

These markings were used by the postal authorities once the particular stamps have reached their intended destination and completed their purpose for that journey. The objective was to prevent reuse of the stamps. Modern-day cancellations include the date of cancellation and the nearby sorting facility. The majority of the cancellations include a section of lines, bars, text, or design to make it redundant.  If the cancellation is made using a pen it is termed as “Pen Cancel”. If the name of the location appears in the cancellation then it is called “Town Cancellation”. 

Illustrative Image To Show Case Cancellations

2. Cachet: 

In French, the word means a pictorial stamp or seal. In Philatelic parlance, this relates to design or text which is identical to the design of the stamp or to commemorate a special event. This can be found generally on the left-hand side of an envelope. In modern days these are usually found on the First Day Covers.

Illustrative Image to Exemplify Ultimate Guide To Philatelic Terms

3. CTO (Cancelled To Order):

These stamps are printed by postal authorities in complete sheets and are not meant for commercial use. These are sold to collectors or philatelic dealers at a value much lower than the face value. In other words, these stamps are issued to serve the collecting interests of the philately enthusiasts.

Illustrative Example Of Ultimate Guide To Philatelic Terms CTO

4. Commemorative Stamps: 

These stamps are issued to mark the significance and celebrate a historical event, Place, Personality, or Object. The subject of the stamp is usually specified in the design itself. These stamps are published in limited quantities for a limited period.

Illustrative Example Commemorative Stamp Ultimate Guide to Philatelic Terms

5. Catalog:

As the name suggests it is a comprehensive physical repository or manual which contains information about almost all the stamps that are in circulation. It is an important tool for any philately enthusiast whether a beginner or a more experienced one. The first catalog was published in the year 1861 by Oscar Levrault in France. This index of information is a ready reckoner for philatelists to gather the correct value and information about stamps which are of interest to them. Some of the most widely used Catalog brands globally are – Scott, Yvert & Teller, Michel, Stanley Gibbons. These are available in digital formats apart from the printed variants.

6. Cinderella Stamps: 

This can be easily termed as a lookalike of a regular postage stamp but it can’t be used for postal purposes. They are often called as philatelic labels. They can be differentiated from the regular stamps because they do not have a country of origin and the face value on them. They might carry the name of the organization that issued them.

Illustrative Example Ultimate Guide Cinderella Stamps

7. Color Omitted Errors:

These are stamps where a color combination or color is missing due to the failure of the printing plate in delivering ink on the stamp sheet to be printed.

8. Coil Stamps:

These stamps are in a continuous rolled strip used in vending machines to dispense stamps for postal delivery. The two opposite edges mostly at the top and the bottom have straight edges instead of perforations.

9. Cut Cancellation:

It is a form of cancellation where the cancellation intentionally cuts across the stamped piece. Making a wedge-shaped impression is general practice. These stamps were mainly used as revenue stamps or telegraph stamps. These were experimentally used in the United States to prevent reuse as revenue stamps.

10. Cut Square:

These are neatly trimmed rectangular or squared section stamped on a piece of postal stationery having ample margin. It is preferred by the collectors to have the complete pieces of stationery instead of having the separated stamps cut in either rectangular or square shape.

Illustrative Example of Philatelic Terms Cut Square

11. Cut To Shape:

This is a non-rectangular cut to the shape of the design and not like Cut to Square as shared above. These stamps are less in value in comparison. One of the classic examples of the most valuable stamp is unique British Guiana “Penny Magenta” Scott # 13.

12. Cross Gutter Block:

This is a block of stamps where the center of the printed sheet contains the intersection of vertical and horizontal gutters. The number of these issues is less in comparison. US Farley issues as below are a classic example.

13. Crease:

As the word suggests and we would have observed it in our daily lives when we are ironing our clothes. In philatelic terms, this happens when a stamp gets weakened because of it getting folded or bent. These lower the value of the stamp.

14. Charity Stamps:

These are issued by postal authorities of respective countries to promote and contribute to charities such as the Red Cross. The stamp price reflects on the stamp itself with a plus sign where additional value is mentioned apart from the usual postal value.

15. Comb Perforation:

It is the most commonly used by the postal authorities. In this process, the stamps are perforated on three for an entire column or row. This is an automated continuous process and as one row or column is perforated, the perforation process proceeds to the next row or column to perforate until the complete sheet is perforated. The perforations thus produced have an equal and regular pattern leading to a unique aspect of most comb perforations that they have equal & regular corners.

16. Columbian Exposition:

This is a nickname given to the first series of commemorative stamps issued by the United States celebrating the 400th anniversary of the arrival of Christopher Columbus. The event was held in Chicago from the 1st of May to October 30th in the year 1893.

17. Classic Stamps:

These are stamps that have been printed between 1840 and 1900s. However, there is no clear demarcation to define which stamps can be classified as Classic stamps as not all stamps issued in the period can be considered classic.

18. China Clipper:

The nickname of the Martin M-130 seaplane, depicted on the three US “China-Clipper” Air Mail stamps of 1935 and 1937. The China Clipper carried mail across the Pacific to and from San Francisco, with inaugural service to Manila via Honolulu and Guam on November 22, 1935. By 1937 this route had been expanded to include Hong Kong.

19. Crash Covers:

It entails Air Accident Cover, Interrupted Flight Cover, and Wreck Cover. These are postal packages that have been recovered from Air crash, Train Wreck, Ship Wreck, or any other form of accident. These are also known as Interrupted Mail. Example of a salvaged U.S. Air Mail Crash Cover (CAM #24, Indianapolis, IN, Nov. 2, 1929) is showcased below

With this, we come to an end to this edition of Ultimate Guide To Philatelic Terms. I sincerely hope you enjoyed the effort. Stay tuned for more of such stuff.

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Rohit Mittal

Self Taught Techie, Father to a budding philatelist son and a Global Business Professional Having Traveled across four continents. I have helped European and Indian Businesses to turn around and realize business objectives in 180 to 270 days. Reading & Writing is my second nature. I rekindled my childhood passion for stamps after forty years and love to collect European Pre 1960s MNH OG stamps majorly from France, Germany, and Italy.
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